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1 Caulk state that dental amalgam should not be used:

2 Maiorino RM Gonzalez-Ramirez D Zuniga-Charles M Xu Z Hurlbut KM Aposhian MM Dart RC Woods JS Ostrosky-Wegman P Gonsebatt ME Aposhian HV Sodium 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonate challenge test for mercury in humans. III. Urinary mercury after exposure to mercurous chloride. J Pharmacol Exp Ther (1996 May) 277(2):938-44

3 Keith RL Setiarahardjo I Fernando Q Aposhian HV Gandolfi A Utilization of renal slices to evaluate the efficacy of chelating agents for removing mercury from the kidney. Toxicology (1997 Jan 15) 116(1-3):67-75

4 Aposhian MM Maiorino RM Xu Z Aposhian HV Sodium 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonate (DMPS) treatment does not redistribute lead or mercury to the brain of rat. Toxicology (1996 May 3) 109(1):49-55

5 Aposhian HV Bruce DC Alter W Dart RC Hurlbut KM Aposhian MM Urinary mercury after administration of 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1- sulfonic acid: correlation with dental amalgam score. FASEB J (1992 Apr) 6(7):2472-6

6 Aposhian HV Maiorino RM Rivera M Bruce DC Dart RC Hurlbut KM Levine DJ Zheng W Fernando Q Carter D et al Human studies with the chelating agents, DMPS and DMSA. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol (1992) 30(4):505-28

7 Herrmann-M; Schweinsberg-F Biomonitoring for the evaluation of a mercury burden from amalgam fillings. Mercury determination in urine before and after oral doses of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS) and in hair Abteilung Allgemeine Hygiene und Umwelthygiene, Universitat Tubingen.Zentralbl-Hyg-Umweltmed. 1993 May; 194(3): 271-91

8 Zander-D; Ewers-U; Freier-I; Brockhaus-A The mercury exposure of the population. III. Mercury mobilisation by DMPS (Dimaval) in subjects with and without amalgam fillings Medizinischen Institut fur Umwelthygiene, Heinrich-Heine-Universitat Dussel

9 Molin M; Schutz-A; Skerfving-S; Sallsten-G Mobilized mercury in subjects with varying exposure to elemental mercury vapour. Int-Arch-Occup-Environ-Health. 1991; 63(3): 187-92

10 Maiorino RM Dart RC Carter DE Aposhian HV Determination and metabolism of dithiol chelating agents. XII. Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of sodium 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonate in humans. J Pharmacol Exp Ther (1991 Nov) 259(2):808-14

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11 Gerhard I: Waldbrenner P; Thuro H; Runnebaum B. Diagnosis of Heavy Metal Loading by the Oral DMPS and chewing gum tests. Clinical Lab. 38: 404-11

12 Gonzalez-Ramirez, D. Et al. Urinary mercury, porphyrins and neurobehavioral changes in dental workers in Monterrey, Mexico. J Pharmacol Exp Therap. 272:264-274,1995

13 Godfrey M. and Campbell N. Confirmation of mercury retention and toxicity using (DMPS) J Advance Med. 7(1) 19-30, Spring 1994.

14 WHO Criteria 118 1991

15 Konetzka, W., Microbiology of Metal Transformation, Microorganisms and Minerals, 317-342, 1977.

16 Lexmond, T.M., et. al., On the Methylation of Inorganic Mercury and the Decomposition of Organo-Mercury Compounds - A Review, Neth. J. Agric. Aci. 24, 79-97, 1976.

17 Compeau, G. & Bartha, R., Methylation and Demethylation of Mercury Under Controlled Redox, pH and Salinity Conditions, Applied & Environ. Microbio., Vol 48, No. 6, 1203-1207, 1984.

18 Edwards, T., Biosyntheses and Degradation of Methyl Mercury in Human Feces, Nature, Vol. 253, 462-464, 1975.

19 Blum, J. & Bartha, R., Effect of Salinity on Methylation of Mercury, Bulletin Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 25, 404-408, 1980.

20 Bertilsson, L. & Neujahr, H. Y., Methylation of Mercury Compounds by Methylcobalamin, Biochemistry, Vol. 10, No. 14, 2805-2828, 1971.

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21 Imura, N., et. al., Chemical Methylation of Inorganic Mercury With Methylcobalamin, a Vitamin B-12 Analog, Science, Vol. 172, 1248 & 1249, 1971.

22 Jernelov, A. & Martin, A., Ecological Implications of Metal Metabolism by Microorganisms, Annual Review of Microbiology, 61-77, 1975.

23 Lander, L., Biochemical Model for the Biological Methylation of Mercury Suggested from Methylation Studies in Vivo With Neurospora Crassa, Nature, Vol. 23O, 452-454, 1971.

24 Wataha et al., Dental Materials 10(5):pp298-303 1994 )

25 Hamdy, M. K. & Noyes, O. R., Formation of Methyl Mercury by Bacteria, Applied Microbiology, Vol. 30, No. 3, 424-432, 1975

26 Brunker, R. L. & Bott, T. L., Reduction of Mercury to the Elemental State by a Yeast, Applied Microbiology, Vol. 27, No. 5, 870-873, 1974.

27 Holm, H. W. & Cox, M. F., Transformation of Elemental Mercury by Bacteria, Applied Microbiol, Vol. 29, No.4, 491 494, 1975.

28 Pan Hou, H. S., & Imura, N., Involvement of Mercury Methylation in Microbial Mercury Detoxification, Arch. Microbiol. 131: 176-177, 1982.

29 Bisogni, J. J. & Lawrence, A. W., Kinetics of Mercury Methylation in Aerobic and Anaerobic Aquatic Environments, J. Water Pollut. Control Fed., 47: 135-152, 1975.

30 Report on the International Committee on MAC values on mercury (1969),

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31 USEPA document on mercury 1973 & 1984

32 US NIOSH document on mercury 1973

33 Wieliczka DM Spencer P Moffitt CE Wagner EJ Wandera A Equilibrium vapor pressure of mercury from dental amalgam in vitro.Dent Mater (1996 May) 12(3):179-84

34 Bjorkman L; Lind B Factors influencing mercury evaporation rate from dental amalgam fillings. Scand J Dent Res, 100: 6, 1992 Dec, 354-60

35 Lussi, A Mercury Release From Amalgam Into Saliva: An In-Vitro Study.. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed, 103(6):722-6, 1993.

36 Olsson, S; Bergman, M.: Daily Dose Calculations from Measurements of Intra-oral Mercury Vapor. J Dent Res. 71(2):414-23. Feb 1992.

37 Vimy M.J. and Lorscheider F.L. Dental amalgam mercury daily dose estimated from intra-oral vapor measurements: A predictor of mercury accumulation in human tissues The Journal of Trace Elements in ExDerimental Medicine 3:1 11-123. 1990.

38 Emler and Cardone, "An assessment of mercury in mouth air", Oral Roberts University, March 1985

39 Vimy MJ Lorscheider FL Serial measurements of intra-oral air mercury: estimation of daily dose from dental amalgam : J Dent Res (1985 Aug) 64(8):1072-5

40 Abraham J, Svare C , Frank C,. The effects of dental amalgam restorations on blood mercury levels. J. Dent. Res. 63(1):71 73, 1984

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41 Ott K et. al. Mercury burden due to amalgam fillings. Dtsch. Zahnarztl Z 39(9):199-205, 1984

42 SvareCW et.al. The effects of dental amalgam on mercury levels in expired air. J. Dent. Res.60(9):1668-1671,1981

43 Stortebecker. P: Mercury Poisoning from Dental Amalgam, ISBN 91-86034-05-7, Stortebecker Foundation for Research

44 Schubert J. Combined effects in toxicology-a rapid systematic testing procedure cadmium, mercury and lead. J. Toxic Environ Health 1978;4 763-776 )

45 Fedin, B., Swed. Dent. J., 1988,3, 8-15

46 Pendergrass, et al., Neurotoxicology 18(2):pp315-324, 1997)

47 Hanson M. J. Orthomol. Psychiatry Vol. 12, No. 3 Sept. 1983.

48 Vimy, M.J., & Lorscheider, F.L.,J. Dent. Res., 1985, 64, 1069-71

49 Berglund A, Pohl L, Olsson S, Bergman M. Determination of the rate of release of intra-oral mercury vapor from amalgam. J Dent Res 1988;67:1235-242.

50 Cognitive Deficit in 7-Year-Old Children With Prenatal Exposure to Methylmercury. Grandjean, P. et al Neurotoxicol Teratol., 19(6):417-28, Nov-Dec 1997

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51 Ott K et. al. Mercury burden due to amalgam fillings. Dtsch. Zahnarztl Z 39(9):199-205, 1984

52 Marlowe et al. "Low mercury Levels and Childhood Intelligence" , Jnl of Orthomolecular Medicine Vol 1, No 1. 1986

53 Reinhardt JW Side-effects: mercury contribution to body burden from dental amalgam. Adv Dent Res (1992 Sep) 6:110-3

54 Vanherle G [Dental care using silver amalgam] Verh K Acad Geneeskd Belg (1996) 58(5):587-634

55 Danscher-G; Horsted-Bindslev-P; Rungby-J Traces of mercury in organs from primates with amalgam fillings. Department of Neurobiology, University of Aarhus, Denmark. Exp-Mol-Pathol. 1990 Jun; 52(3): 291-9

56 Weiner-JA; Nylander-M; Berglund-F Does mercury from amalgam restorations constitute a health hazard? AU: AD: National Board of Occupational Safety and Health, Solna, Sweden. Sci-Total-Environ. 1990 Dec 1; 99(1-2): 1-22

57 Drasch G Schupp I Hofl H Reinke R Roider G Eur J Pediatr (1994 Aug.) 153(8):607-10

58 Arvidson B. Inorganic mercury is transported from muscular nerve terminals to spinal and brainstem motoneurons. Muscle Nerve. 15(10):1089-1094, Oct 1992.

59 Retrograde Axonal Transport of Mercury in Primary Sensory Neurons Innervating the Tooth Pulp in the Rat. Neurosci Lett. 115(1):29-32. Jul 17, 1990.

60 Aschner: Effects of systemic methyl mercury-adulterated water consumption on fast axonal transport in the rat visual system. Acta Pharmacol Toxicol (Copenh) (1986 Nov) 59(5):349-55

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61 Lorscheider, FL; Vimy, MJ; Pendergrass, JC; Haley, BE. FASEB J. 9(4): A-3845. FASEB Annual Meeting, Atlanta, Georgia, 10th March 1995.

62 Szucs, A; Angiello, C; Salanki, J; Carpenter, DO. Effects of Inorganic Mercury and Methylmercury on the Ionic Currents of Cultured Rat Hippocampal Neurons. Cell Mol Neurobiol, 17(3):273-88, 1997.

63 Goering et al., Fundam Appl Toxicol., 19:319-329, 1992)

64 Mercury Vapour Inhalation Inhibits Binding of GTP to Tubulin in Rat Brain: Similarity to a molecular Lesion in Alzheimer Diseased Brain. Pendergrass, JC; Haley, BE; Vimy, MJ; Winfield, SA; Lorscheider, FL. Neurotoxicology, In Press (June-July), 1997.

65 Haley, BE. et al FASEB J. 9(4): A-3845. FASEB Annual Meeting, Atlanta Georgia, 10 March 1995.

66 Duhr, E; Pendergrass, C; Kasarskis, E; Slevin, J; Haley, B. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB). 75th Annual Meeting. Atlanta, Georgia. 21-25 April 1991. Abstract 493. Hg2+ Induces GTP-Tubulin Interactions in Rat Brain Similar to Those Observed in Alzheimer's Disease.

67 Pamphlett R Waley P Motor neuron uptake of low dose inorganic mercury. J Neurol Sci (1996 Jan) 135(1):63-7

68 Oskarsson, A; Schultz, A; Skerfving, S; Hallen, IP; Ohlin, B; Lagerkvist, BJ. Total and Inorganic Mercury in Breast Milk in Relation to Fish Consumption and Amalgam in Lactating Women. Arch Environ Health, 51(3):234-41, 1996.

69 Amin-Zaki, L;, L; Majeed, MA; Greenwood, MR; Elhassani, SB; Clarkson, TW; Doherty, RA. Methyl mercury Poisoning in the Iraqi Suckling Infant: A Longitudinal Study Over Five Years. JApplToxicol, 1(4):2104, 1981.

70 Redhe, O; Pleva Recovery from Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and from Allergy after Removal of Dental Amalgam Fillings. , J. Int. J. Risk Safety Medicine. (1994): 4, 229-236.

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71 Enwonwu CO. Potential health hazard of the use of mercury in dentistry: critical review of the literature. Environ Res 1987;42:257-274.

72 Guinta F, Dilandro D, Chiarmda M. Severe acute poisoning from the ingestion of a permanent ware solution of mercuric chloride. Hum Toxicol 1983;2:243-246.

73 Rosenman KD, Valciukas JA, Glickman L, Meyers BR, Cinotti A. Sensitive indicators of inorganic mercury toxicity. Arch Environ Health 1986;41:208-215.

74 Desi, I; Nagymadtenyi, L; Schulz, H. Effect of Subchronic Mercury Exposure on Electrocorticogram of Rats . Neurotoxicology, 17(3-4):719,23, 1996.

75 Angotzi G Battistini N Carboncini F Cioni R Desideri E Paradiso C Nuti D Sartorelli E Impairment of nervous system in workers exposed to inorganic mercury. Toxicol Eur Res (1981 Nov) 3(6):275-8

76 Marriott JB, Qasim Anti-phospholipid antibodies in the mercuric chloride treated brown Norway rat J Autoimmun, 4:457-67, 1994

77a Shapiro.I.M, Uzzell.B, Sumner.A, Spitz.L, Ship.I.I, Bloch.P. 'Mercury accumulation and health deficits in dentists.' Paper presented at the International Conference on Mercury Hazards in Dental Practice. Glasgow, Scotland. Sept. 1981

77b Ship.I.I, and Shapiro.I.M. 'Preventing mercury poisoning in Dental Practice'. The Jnl. of the Houston District Dental Society. pp 18-20 May 1983

78 Cutright D.E., Miller R.A. and Battistone G.C.: Systemic Mercury Levels Caused by Inhaling Mist During High-Speed Amalgam Grinding, J. Oral Med. 28, 100, 1973

79 Cross et al., 1978.Blood of Dentists, Lancet, 312, Aug.. 5, 1978

80 Ngim CH, Foo SC, Boey KW and Jeyartnam J. Chronic neurobehavioral effects of elemental mercury in dentists. British Journal of Industrial Medicine 49:782-790, 1992.

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81 Foo, SC; Ngim, CH; Salleh, I; Jeyaratnam, J; Boey, KW. Neurobehavioral Effects in Occupational Chemical Exposure. Environ Res. 1993, Feb. 60(2): 267-73.

82 Uzzell, BP; et al. Chronic low-level mercury exposure and neuropsychological functioning. J Clin Exp Neuropsych. 8(5): 581-593, 1986.

83 Shapiro, IM; et al. Neurophysiological and neuropsvchological function in mercury exposed dentists. Lancet, 1(8282):1147-1150, 1982.

84 Echeverria, D; Heyer, NJ; Martin, MD; Naleway, CA; Woods, JS; Bittner AC, Jr. Behavioral Effects of Low-Level Exposure to Hg Among Dentists. Neurotoxicology and Teratology. 17(2):161-168, 1995.

85 Ritchie, KA; MacDonald, EB; Hammersly, R; McGowan, DA; Dale, IM; Wesnes, K. Psychomotor Testing of Dentists with Chronic Low-Level Mercury Exposure. J Dent Res. 74(S1):420, A-160.

86 Drasch et. al. J Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology; 9(2):82-7, 1995

87 Hahn LJ Kloiber R Leininger RW Vimy MJ Lorscheider FL. FASEB J (1990 Nov) 4(14):3256-60

88 Vimy MJ Takahashi Y Lorscheider FL Am J Physiol (1990 Apr) 258(4 Pt 2):R939-45

89 Vimy et al., ("Mercury from Maternal 'Silver' tooth Fillings in sheep and Human Breast Milk" Biological Trace Element Research V56, pp143, 1997)

90 Wenstrup D; Ehmann WD; Markesbery WR; Trace element imbalances in isolated subcellular fractions of Alzheimer's disease brains. Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington. Brain Res, 533: 1, 1990 Nov 12, 125-31

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91 Nylander M; Friberg L; Lind B Mercury concentrations in the human brain and kidneys in relation to exposure from dental amalgam fillings. Swed Dent J, 11: 5, 1987, 179-87

92 Friberg, L., Kullman, L., Lind, B., Nylander, M. Kvicksilver i centrala nervsystemet i relation till amalgamfyllningar (Mercury in the central nervous system in relation to dental amalgam). Lakartidningen. 83:519-22, 1986.

93 Eggelston, D.W., Nylander, M., Suffin, S.C., Martinoff, J.T., Rieders, M.F. Correlation of dental amalgam with mercury in brain tissue. J Pros Dent. 58:704-7, 1987

94 Schiele et al. in 1984.

95 Nylander M Friberg L Lind B Mercury concentrations in the human brain and kidneys in relation to exposure from dental amalgam fillings. Swed Dent J (1987) 11(5):179-87

96 Weiner-JA; Nylander-M The relationship between mercury concentration in human organs and different predictor variables. National Board of Occupational Safety and Health, Solna, Sweden. Sci-Total-Environ. 1993 Sep 30; 138(1-3): 101-15

97 Silver Concentrations in Human Tissues, Their Dependence on Dental Amalgam and Other Factors. Drasch, G; Gath, HJ; Heissler, E; Schupp, I; Roider, G. J Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology; 9(2):82-7, 1995.

98 Konetzka, W., Microbiology of Metal Transformation, Microorganisms and Minerals, 317-342, 1977.

99 Smith D. H., Science, 156, 1114, 1967.

100 Duhr, E; Pendergrass, C; Kasarskis, E; Slevin, J; Haley, B. Hg2+ Induces GTP-Tubulin Interactions in Rat Brain Similar to Those Observed in Alzheimer's Disease.Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB). 75th Annual Meeting. Atlanta, Georgia. 21-25 April 1991. Abstract 493.

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101 Pendergrass, J; Israel, M; Haley, B The Deleterious Effects of Low Micromolar Mercury on Important Brain and Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins.. American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, Annual Meeting,5-9 November 1995, Miami, Florida

102 Pendergrass, JC; Haley, BE; Vimy, MJ; Winfield, SA; Lorscheider, FL. Mercury Vapour Inhalation Inhibits Binding of GTP to Tubulin in Rat Brain: Similarity to a Molecular Lesion in Alzheimer Diseased Brain. Neurotoxicology, In Press (June-July), 1997.

103 Lorscheider, FL; Vimy, MJ; Pendergrass, JC; Haley, BE.Toxicity of Ionic Mercury and Elemental Mercury Vapour on Brain Neuronal Protein Metabolism. 1994

104 Summers AO Wireman J Vimy MJ Lorscheider FL Marshall B Levy SB Bennett S Billard L Mercury released from dental "silver" fillings provokes an increase in mercury- and antibiotic-resistant bacteria in oral and intestinal floras of primates Antimicrob Agents Chemother (1993 Apr) 37(4):825-34

105 Lorscheider FL; Vimy MJ; Summers AO; Zwiers H.

106 Edlund, C; Bjorkman, L; Ekstrand, J; Sandborgh-Englund, G; Nord, CE. Resistance of the Normal Human Microflora to Mercury and Antimicrobials After Exposure to Mercury From Dental Amalgam Fillings. Clin Infect Dis., 22(6):944-950, June 1996.

107 Liebert CA Wireman J Smith T Summers AO The impact of mercury released from dental "silver" fillings on antibiotic resistances in the primate oral and intestinal bacterial flora. Met Ions Biol Syst (1997) 34:441-60

108 Catsakis LH Sulica VI Allergy to silver amalgams. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol (1978 Sep) 46(3):371-5

109 Stejskal V. D. M., Olin R. and Forsbeck M. (1986) The Iymphocyte transformation test for diagnosis of drug-induced occupational allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 77, 411 426.

110 Stejskal V. D. M., Forsbeck M. and Nilsson R. (1990) Lymphocyte transformation test for diagnosis of isothia-zolinone allergy in man. Journal of Investigative Derma-tology 94, 798-802.

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111 Stejskal V. D. M. (1989) Allergy to drugs and other chemicals diagnosed by the presence of specific memory cells in human blood. In Realm of Tolerance. Edited by P. Ivanyi. pp. 213-224. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

112 Wilhelm-M; Dunninger-P; Ruppel-R; Tony-HP; Wilms-K; Klaiber-B Effects of amalgam on cells of the immune system . Einfluss von Amalgam auf Zellen des Immunsystems. Med. Poliklinik der Universitat, Wurzburg. Dtsch-Zahnarztl-Z. 1991 Aug; 46(8): 544-7 1991

113 Adverse immunological effects and autoimmunity induced by dental amalgam and alloy in mice. Hultman: FASEB J (1994 Nov) 8(14):1183-90

114 Hultman: Murine mercury-induced immune-complex disease: effect of cyclophosphamide treatment and importance of T-cells. Br J Exp Pathol (1989 Jun) 70(3):227-36

115 Hultman: Murine susceptibility to mercury. II. autoantibody profiles and renal immune deposits in hybrid, backcross, and H-2d congenic mice Clin Immunol Immunopathol (1993 Jul) 68(1):9-20

116 Enestrom S Hultman P Does amalgam affect the immune system? A controversial issue. Int Arch Allergy Immunol (1995 Mar) 106(3):180-203

117 Warfvinge G Larsson A Contact stomatitis to mercury associated with spontaneous mononuclear cell infiltrates in brown Norway (BN) rats with HgCl2-induced autoimmunity. J Oral Pathol Med (1994 Nov) 23(10):441-5

118 Kosuda LL Greiner DL Bigazzi PE Mercury-induced renal autoimmunity in BN-->LEW.1N chimeric rats. Cell Immunol (1994 Apr 15) 155(1):77-94

119 Sato, K; Kusada, Y; Zhangihiro, H; Ishii, Y; Mori, T; Hirai, T; Yomiyama, T; Iida, K. An Epidemiological Study of Mercury Sensitization. Allergology International, 46:201-6, 1997.

120 Summers, A. O., Sugarman, L. I., J. Bacteriol, 119, 242, 1974.

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121 Katsunuma Exercise-induced anaphylaxis: improvement after removal of amalgam in dental caries. : Ann Allergy (1990 May) 64(5):472-5

122 Caron G. A., Poutala S. and Provost T. T. (1970) Lympho-cyte transformation induced by inorganic and organic mercury. International Archives of Allergy 37, 76 87.

123 Bolewska-J; Hansen-HJ; Holmstrup-P; Pindborg-JJ; Stangerup-M Oral mucosal lesions related to silver amalgam restorations. Department of Oral Medicine and Oral Surgery, University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark. Oral-Surg Oral-Med Oral-Pathol. 1990 Jul; 70(1): 55-8

124 Finne K., Goransson K. and Winckler L. (1982) Oral lichen planus and contact allergy to mercury. International Journal of Oral Surgery 11, 236-239.

125 Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol (1990 Jul) 70(1):55-8

126 Laine J Kalimo K Forssell H Happonen RP Resolution of oral lichenoid lesions after replacement of amalgam restorations in patients allergic to mercury compounds.Br J Dermatol (1992 Jan) 126(1):10-5

127 Stejskal VD Forsbeck M Cederbrant KE Asteman O Mercury-specific lymphocytes: an indication of mercury allergy in man. J Clin Immunol (1996 Jan) 16(1):31-40

128 Henriksson E Mattsson U Hakansson J Healing of lichenoid reactions following removal of of amalgam. A clinical follow-up. J Clin Periodontol (1995 Apr) 22(4):287-94

129 Smart ER Macleod RI Lawrence CM Resolution of lichen planus following removal of amalgam restorations in patients with proven allergy to mercury salts: a pilot study. Br Dent J (1995 Feb 11) 178(3):108-12

130 RI Lawrence CM Br Dent J (1995 Feb 11) 178(3):108-12 Finme, K.; Goransson, K.; And Winckler, L. (1982):. Int J Oral Surg. 11:236-9

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131 Mobacken, H.; Hersle, K.; Sloberg, K.; And Thilander, H. (1984): Material. Cont Derm. 10:11-15.

132 Macleod R.I. et al J Dent Res, Divisional Abstracts: British Division, page 738, Abstract # 410, April 1993.

133 Schrallhammer-Benkler K; Ring J; Przybilla B; Meurer M; and Landthaler M. Acta Derm Venerol (Stockh) 72(4):294-6, 1992

134 Britt Ahlrot-Westerlund. Mercury in cerebrospinal fluid in multiple sclerosis. Swed J. Biol Med 1 :6, Mar 1989.

135 Stejskal V, Forsbeck M, Cederbrant K E, Asteman O J of Clin Immun, Vol. 16, No.1, 1996, pp. 31-40.

136 Siblerud RL A comparison of mental health of multiple sclerosis patients with silver/mercury dental fillings and those with fillings removed. Psychol Rep, 70: 3 Pt 2, 1992 Jun, 1139-51

137 Ingalls TH Epidemiology, etiology, and prevention of multiple sclerosis. Hypothesis and fact. Am J Forensic Med Pathol, 4: 1, 1983 Mar, 55-61

138 Siblerud RL Kienholz E Evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in multiple sclerosis. Sci Total Environ (1994 Mar 15) 142(3):191-205

139 Craelius W Comparative Epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis and Dental Caries. J. Epidemiology and Community Health 1978, 32, 155- 165

140 Huysmans MC van der Varst PG Schafer R Peters MC Plasschaert AJ Soltesz U Fatigue behavior of direct post-and-core-restored premolars. J Dent Res (1992 May) 71(5):1145-50

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141 Huysmans MC Van der Varst PG Finite element analysis of quasistatic and fatigue failure of post and cores [published erratum appears in J Dent 1993 Jun;21(3):190]J Dent (1993 Feb) 21(1):57-64

142 Siblerud RL The relationship between mercury from dental amalgam and the cardiovascular system.Sci Total Environ (1990 Dec 1) 99(1-2):23-35

143 Ronnback L, Hansson E Chronic encephalopaties induced by mercury or lead: aspects of underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms. Br J Ind Med 49:233-240 (1992)

144 McNerney RT & McNerney JJ Mercury Contamination In the Dental Office. A Review. NYS Dental Journal November 1979 pp 457-458

145 Sandborgh Englund G Dahlqvist R Lindelof B Soderman E Jonzon B Vesterberg O Larsson KS DMSA administration to patients with alleged mercury poisoning from dental amalgams: a placebo-controlled study. J Dent Res (1994 Mar) 73(3):620-8

146 Weaver T Auclair PL Taybos GM An amalgam tattoo causing local and systemic disease? Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol (1987 Jan) 63(1):137-40

147 Siblerud RL Motl J Kienholz E Psychometric evidence that mercury from silver dental fillings may be an etiological factor in depression, excessive anger, and anxiety. Psychol Rep (1994 Feb) 74(1):67-80

148 Michel-I; Norback-D; Edling-C An epidemiologic study of the relation between symptoms of fatigue, dental amalgam and other factors. Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden. Swed-Dent-J. 1989; 13(1-2): 33-8

149 Florentine, MJ; Sanfilippo, DJ, II. Elemental Mercury Poisoning Clinical Pharmacy. 10:213-21. Mar 1991.

150 Benton D. et al. The impact of selenium supplementation on mood. Biological Psychiatry, 9(11):1092-1098,1991

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151 Bloch P. Shapiro IM: Summary of the international conference on mercury hazards in dental practice. JADA 104:489-90, 1982

152 Silverstein: Modulation of heart muscle mitochondrial malate dehydrogenase activity. I. Activation and inhibition by p-mercuribenzoate. Biochemistry (1970 Jan 20) 9(2):274-82

153 Differential effects of mercurial reagents on membrane thiols and on the permeability of the heart mitochondrion. Biochemistry (1970 Feb 17) 9(4):714-24

154 Manoukian SV Wenger NK Mercury in the heart.Am J Cardiol (1991 Feb 1) 67(4):317-8

155 Shimojo N; Arai Y. Effects of exercise training on the distribution of metallic mercury in mice. Hum Exp Toxicol. 13(8):524-528, Aug 1994.

156 Magos L, Clarkson TW, & Hudson AR. The effects of dose of elemental mercury and first-pass circulation time on exhalation and organ distribution of inorganic mercury in rats. Biochem Biophys Acta. 25;991(1):85-9. April 1989.

157 Lindh, U; Fohlman, J; Friman, G. New Aspects of Murine Coxsackie B3 Myocarditis--Focus on Heavy Metals.Ilback, NG; Eur Heart J, 16(Suppl 0):20-4, 1995.

158 Omura, y; Shimotsnura, Y; Fukuoka, A; Fukuoka, H Nomoto, T. Acupunct Electrother Res, 21(2):133-60, 1996. Significant Mercury Deposits in Internal Organs Following the Removal of Dental Amalgam, and Development of Pre-Cancer on the Gingiva and the Sides of the Tongue and Their Represented Organs as a Result of Inadvertent Exposure to Strong Curing Light (Used to Solidify Synthetic Dental Filling Material) and Effective Treatment: A Clinical Case Report, Along with Organ Representation Areas for Each Tooth.

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160 Chavez E. and Holguin J.A. Mitochondrial calcium release as induced by Hg2+. J Biol Chem. 263(8):3582-3587, Mar 1988.

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186 Dentsply/Caulk, a major manufacturer of dental amalgam, has placed the following warning for its amalgam products Dispersalloy, Megalloy, and Unison on their internet site. The URL's for the various products are: http://www.caulk.com/ MSDSDFU/DispersDFU.html, http://www. caulk. com/MSDSDFU/UnisonDFU.html, & http://www.caulk.com/MSDSDFU/MegalloyDFU.html.

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210 Mandel I, JADA Vol. 122 August 1991

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240 EPA Mercury Health Effects update Health Issue Assessment. 1984 EOA-600/8-84f. USEPA

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